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General Info on Slovenia

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General Information




Official Name:

Republic of Slovenia




20,273 sq km




Tolar (SIT)




Parliamentary democratic republic

Official website:

Medals of Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games:

0 Gold, 2 Silver, 2 Bronze
Medal Count

The Republic of Slovenia lies at the heart of Europe where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet the Pannonian plains and the mysterious Karst. Slovenia has a population of 2 million and its capital city is Ljubljana. The official language is Slovene, one of the South Slavonic languages.

In Slovenia, the sun shines approximately 2000 hours per year. And yes, there is plenty of snow in winter.

As a small, beautiful and picturesque country, Slovenia makes a great tourist destination. Mountains, lakes, waterfalls, forests, caves, hills, plains, rivers and the sea - you name it, you can find it all within a modest 20.273 km2 (half the size of Switzerland), as well as many natural and landscape parks. You can ski in the morning and surrender yourself to the luxury of the Adriatic Sea in the afternoon.

Slovenia has 46.6 km of sea coast - an inch per inhabitant.

The highest mountain is called Triglav - the name meaning "three-heads" - and it is 2864m high. The mountain is a true national symbol, featured on the national coat of arms and the flag.

Slovenia is also known for its great wines and delicious traditional food.

The currency is called the Slovenian Tolar (SIT).

It is very easy to get here as the country is connected with the rest of the world by a modern highway network, railway system, international airport and sea ports.

Location: Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Italy, Austria, Hungary and Croatia slovenia-map.gif (27215 bytes)
Geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 15 00 E
Map references: Europe
Area: total:  20,253 sq km
20,253 sq km
water:  0 sq km
Land boundaries: total:  1,165 km
border countries:  Austria 330 km, Croatia 501 km, Italy 232 km, Hungary 102 km
Coastline: 46.6 km
Maritime claims: NA
Climate: Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
Terrain: a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountain and valleys with numerous rivers to the east
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point:  Triglav 2,864 m
Natural resources: lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver, hydropower
Land use: arable land:  12%
permanent crops:  3%
permanent pastures:  24%
forests and woodland:  54%
other:  7% (1996 est.)
Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: flooding and earthquakes
Environment - current issues: Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain
Environment - international agreements: party to:  Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


Population: 1,930,132 (July 2001 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years:  16.09% (male 159,428; female 151,134)
15-64 years:  69.61% (male 681,333; female 662,170)
65 years and over:  14.3% (male 101,354; female 174,713) (2001 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.14% (2001 est.)
Birth rate: 9.32 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Death rate: 9.98 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Net migration rate: 2.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth:  1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years:  1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years:  1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over:  0.58 male(s)/female
total population:  0.95 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 4.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population:  75.08 years
male:  71.2 years female:  79.17 years (2001 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.28 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Nationality: noun:  Slovene(s)
adjective:  Slovenian
Ethnic groups: Slovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, Yugoslav 0.6%, Hungarian 0.4%, other 5% (1991)
Religions: Roman Catholic 68.8%, Uniate Catholic 2%, Lutheran 1%, Muslim 1%, atheist 4.3%, other 22.9%
Languages: Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 6%, other 3%
Literacy: definition:  NA
total population:  99%
male:  NA%
female:  NA%


Country name: conventional long form:  Republic of Slovenia
conventional short form:  Slovenia
local long form:  Republika Slovenija
local short form:  Slovenija
Government type: parliamentary democratic republic
Capital: Ljubljana

Slovenian National Anthem - Slovenska himna

"Živé naj vsi naródi,
ki hrepené dočakat' dan,
da, koder sonce hodi,
prepir iz svéta bo pregnan;
da rojak
prost bo vsak,
ne vrag, le sosed bo mejak!

In English

God's blessing on all nations,
Who long and work for that bright day,
When o'er earth's habitation
No war, no strife shall hold its sway;
Who long to see
That all man free
No more shall foes, but neighbours be.

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National Symbols

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